Suggestions to Promote Effective Cross-Cultural Business Negotiations

It is quite common that the workplace today is becoming more and more cultural diversified with the globalization of the world economy. There comes the need to promote effective cross-cultural communications. Business people with different cultural backgrounds often work together for a given purpose. Among them, some work harmoniously and become partners in their cooperation later on; some work unhappily and then depart; and still some are reluctant or even refuse to work together.Actually, as a businessman, we should learn to work in a culturally diversified environment. Only in this way will it be possible for us to expand our business and make it more prosperous and to become true international business people. How to promote effective cross- cultural business communication? Some suggestions will be discussed.One of the suggestions for a more effective communication is the attaching and understanding the background and the cultural of the partner from other countries. Each nation has its own culture, and each culture has its own system of beliefs, values, attitude, norms of behavior and ways of handling things, which is to be shared by the people of the same culture. People bring along with their culture and stick to their cultural norms. The Muslims do not eat pork and they have Ramadan for one month each year; the people in India do not eat beef. We should attach importance to these differences in order to host them appropriately. In one word, we should respect their culture. The managers should allow Muslim staff to take their festival vacation, and their special customs should be respected.In some cultures, people need more private space. This is attributed to their individualism, and we should respect their habit and appropriately arrange the seat before the meeting. Generally speaking, the westerners require more personal space than the easterners. When two westerners talk to each other, they keep a distance which is considered as aloof by the easterners. Personal space in western countries is emphasized. They may feel nervous and move away when this space is invaded.Business people should try to learn other’s culture and respect each other, for neglect or ignorance or even invasion of a given culture may result in trouble or loss or even failure of business.

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DC Comics New Line of Titles Going Strong – Now, Bring Back the Justice Society of America!

The universe has changed… again. Is that bad or good? Let’s discuss it. Let’s talk DC Comics. I have been reading various DC Comics issues in the new DC Universe and am impressed with many of the stories.My favorite characters in the DC Universe have always revolved around the Golden Age of heroes. Therefore, I am most interested in what is going to happen with the DC characters connected to the Justice Society of America (JSA) and the old Earth-2. For those of you who do not know, when the Justice League of America (JLA) was created in the Silver Age of comics, the powers that be decided the 1940s-era Justice Society members lived on a parallel earth, Earth-2. Meanwhile, the JLA lived on Earth-1 (Never mind that the JSA came first and really should have been on Earth-1 and the JLA on Earth-2. That’s a different column. Let’s move on.)One of the series I have been reading in the new DC Universe is the Savage Hawkman. Hawkman has been one of my favorite DC characters since I was a little kid riding my bicycle to the corner gas station to buy my weekly comic books. The new Hawkman title focuses on Carter Hall, the original Golden Age Hawkman. His wife and longtime partner is dead and he is alone. In the new series, the gravity-defying Nth metal harness and wings he wears are basically a part of him. He no longer has to strap the wings on. The suit and wings appear and attach to him when he needs them. This strikes me as very similar to the old X-O Manowar armor from Valiant Comics.At this point, I’m okay with the Hawkman suit becoming a part of Hawkman. However, it smacks a little of the hawk god story from the 1990s in which Hawkman became part hawk (more or less). The fact this new twist on Hawkman resembles the hawk god is not a good thing. Many fans consider that story a low point. But, as long as Carter Hall remains himself and does not become a were-hawk, I’m okay with the changes.On another note, it looks like the creators are trying to provide Hawkman with a new enemy. Hawkman has some great villains but only one or two that really stand out and are known by many readers. Shadow-Thief and Gentleman Ghost are among the few Hawkman villains to become popular to the masses. The new villain, Morphicius, looks like a cross between a hawk and a werewolf to me. Apparently, he is an alien, which I like. I like that Hawkman has always mixed ancient culture and alien technology, especially since the Silver Age. I’ll be interested to see if this new villain sticks around for the long haul. The Savage Hawkman is Written by Tony Daniel with art done by Philip Tan.I have also been reading Mr. Terrific. The new Mr. Terrific first appeared in the Spectre comic book series and then joined the JSA. Apparently, the Mr. Terrific in the new DC Universe is still Michael Holt but he was not a member of the Justice Society. (It has not been stated he was never a member of the JSA but it sure seems like it.) Power Girl appears in the Mr. Terrific comic but she does not seem to have powers or go by Power Girl. Instead, she appears as a friend of Micheal’s and uses her real name of Karen Starr. I like how Mr. Terrific now works out of a space between dimensions. I cannot help but wonder if Mr. Terrific’s study of dimensions is going to play into the return of the JSA somehow. It looks like we will have to wait and see.I am enjoying that Mr. Terrific focuses on science and all things cerebral instead of the typical punch and smash of many comics. Although, there is definitely some punching and smashing that takes place, especially when he goes up against the new villain named Brainstorm. Mr. Terrific is Written by Eric Wallace with art by Gianluca Gugliotta.Other titles I have been enjoying in the new DC Comics universe include Justice League and Justice League International. I read the first issues of Action Comics, Frankenstein – Agent of S.H.A.D.E. and Green Arrow, as well, and recommend those titles. Green Arrow is a refreshing take on the archer. He acts more like the Green Arrow seen on Smallville (the long-running TV show) than the Green Arrow that has been in Justice League for years. The new Green Arrow is still Oliver Queen but he has a team surrounding him and he looks more youthful than he has in the comics, in my opinion.I am enjoying the new DC titles, but there is one lingering issue in my mind: Where is the JSA? I am anxiously awaiting more news on the Justice Society of America like thousands of other longtime DC Comics readers. It was announced on numerous comic book news sites that the JSA is returning and will likely be living in a parallel world again. Since that news, nothing more has been said or written about the Golden Age team.For readers who may not know, the original JSA consisted of the Golden Age Hawkman, Atom, Flash, Green Lantern, Hourman, Sandman, Dr. Fate and Spectre. More members joined over time, including Wonder Woman, Superman, Batman, and Black Canary. DC is making a mistake if they believe the JSA is not a viable book that deserves to be hurried into the new lineup of titles. I only hope that it is taking as long as it is to get the JSA book launched because DC creators are taking care to make the new JSA book exciting yet respectful to longtime fans.I am very interested to see if Carter Hall’s Hawkman will be a member of the JSA. Because DC has Carter Hall living in the same world as the Justice League–at least that is how it appears–how would Hawkman be a member of the JSA, too? Will there be two Carter Halls on both worlds? Will Carter Hall leave the main earth to join the JSA or is the current Hawkman really living on the JSA’s earth and we do not realize it yet? I feel Hawkman needs to be a member of the JSA. A JSA without Hawkman is like peanut butter without jelly.I look forward to seeing what DC has planned for my favorite team, the JSA, and I’ll be along for the ride. I do suggest everyone pick up at least one new DC Comics title and give it a try. With 52 new titles, you are bound to find one that suits your taste.

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Why Cross Cultural Relationships Are a Good Thing

Cross cultural relationships, by definition, are relations involving two individuals who belong to different cultures. Although people tend to focus more on the negative aspects of this kind of relationship, in this article I will show how cultural diversity can be a good thing for two people willing to spend their whole lives together.The first advantage of such a relationship is that it never gets boring. There are so many things you can learn from somebody whose culture is different from yours and in turn, they can learn a lot from your culture. Think of all the fun you can have in teaching and learning. Thus, when you see other couples around you searching for words you will be thankful you do not have to go through the same.Furthermore, you will be able to enjoy both kinds of cultural events with your partner. This will help eliminate the cultural gap between both of you and enable you to understand each other more effectively. You will cease to be a stereotype of your own culture and be able to experience new events with your partner.There is no better way to test and enhance your patience than entering into a cross cultural relationship. As there might be many things in the other person’s culture different and opposite to your own culture, you will learn to celebrate differences instead of just tolerating them.Although many people see child rearing as a great problem in a cross cultural relationship, it is not as big a dilemma. Children who grow up in such an environment are able to develop very good linguistic skills as they can learn different languages from an early age. They will be lucky to enjoy more holidays than other children and learn about different customs. Later, they can see whichever culture suits them best and adapt to it. Even if they wish to blend in both cultures, this should not be seen as a problem. Your children will learn how to respect all kinds of cultures and emerge as excellent citizens of the society.In the process of celebrating differences and learning about another culture, you will begin to see a way in between and find that no one is right or wrong, it is just that people have different point of views. This will change your view about life and make you more open- minded and unbiased towards your own culture.

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